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Oporto, mostly known as Porto, is an amazing city in Portugal, located more exactly within the Norte region, in the Grande Porto subregion. The history of Oporto goes back to the 4th century, when it was inhabited by Romans of the Iberian Peninsula. Archaeological evidence have also shown Celtic and Proto-Celtic ruins in the area. Throughout the years, Oporto has developed at a fast pace and has become a major urban area. According to the 2011 census, Oporto has a total population of 237,584 residents and spans on a total area of 150 square miles (389 sq km), making it the second largest city in Portugal. Oporto is also a major tourist destination, welcoming numerous visitors every year.
Top Attractions within Oporto
The Palacio da Bolsa (Stock Exchange Palace) is one of the most important landmarks in Oporto. This historical building dates back to the 19th century, when it was built by the city's Commercial Association in a great Neoclassical architectural style. UNESCO designated the palace a World Heritage Site.
The Igreja de Sao Francisco (Church of Saint Francis) is an outstanding church in Oporto, located in the historic center of the city. The church was established around 1223 by the Franciscan Order. The church is the most prominent Gothic monument in Oporto, but it also has notable Baroque inner decorations. It is also declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
The Clerigos Church is another religious site of great importance to Oporto. Its bell tower, the Torre dos Clerigos, stands tall and can be seen from numerous points of the city, being one of its most representative symbols. The church was built in the 1750s in an exquisite Baroque architectural style.
Liberdade Square (Liberty Square) is a large square in Oporto, located more exactly in the Santo Ildefonso parish, in the lower town area. The square is home to many historical buildings, monuments and statues, such as the monument of King Peter IV, but it also features many restaurants and cafes. The square is continuous with the Avenida dos Aliados, an important city avenue.