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Orvieto is a city and commune in the Province of Terni, in the south western part of Italy, in Umbria. Orvieto is situated on the flat summit of a large butte of volcanic tuff. The site of Orvieto is among the most dramatic in Europe, rising above the almost vertical faces of tuff cliffs that are completed by defensive walls built of the same stone called Tufa. The history of Orvieto goes back to the Etruscan period, when the city was a major centre of Etruscan civilisation.
Top Attractions Within Orvieto
Orvieto Duomo is a wonderful cathedral that is worth the visit. The building is striped in white travertine and greenish black basalt in narrow bands, similar in many ways to the cathedral of Siena and other central Italian cathedrals of the era. Inside the cathedral, there is a beautiful fresco by Luca Signorelli that depicts The Last Judgement.
Orvieto Underground City. The city of Orvieto has long kept the secret of its labyrinth of caves and tunnels that lie beneath the surface. These hidden tunnels are only now open to view with the help of guided tours. The underground city boasts tunnels, galleries, wells, stairs, quarries, cellars, passageways, cisterns, superimposed rooms with small square niches, detailing its creation over the centuries.
Palazzo del Capitano del Popolo is a beautiful building located in Orvieto. The original Palazzo was a single ground floor loggia that was used as a market place or for meetings, from which the magistrate would speak to the citizens. This was where the surrounding lords or representatives of vanquished cities came to pay their allegiance to Orvieto.
The Albornoz Fortress is another landmark of Orvieto. It was built by the Spanish Cardinal Albornoz under orders from Pope Innocent VI and designed by condotierro and a military engineer. The fortress stands on an area that was once occupied by a temple known by the Latin name Augurale. Tourists can now take a tour of the fortress and see artefacts and other interesting exhibitions.