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Udine is a city and commune in northeastern Italy, in the middle of the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region, between the Adriatic Sea and the Alps, less than 20 miles from the Slovenian border. Udine is the historical capital of Friuli. The area has been inhabited since the Neolithic age, and was later, most likely, settled by Illyrians. During World War I, before the defeat in the battle of Caporetto, Udine became the seat of the Italiat High Command and was nicknamed War Capital.
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The Cathedral of Udine is an imposing edifice in Udine whose construction started in 1236, on a Latin cross-shaped plan with three naves and chapels along the sides. The church was consecrated in 1335 as Santa Maria Maggiore. At the beginning of the 18th century a radical transformation project involving both the exterior and the interior was undertaken at the request and expense of the Manin family.
Udine Castle is located at the heart of Udine. The castle is built by the Venetians from 1517 over a Lombard fortification ruined by an earthquake in 1511. The current Renaissance appearance dates from the intervention of Giovanni da Udine, who finished the works starting from 1547. The castle houses one of the most ancient Parliament Halls of Europe.
Orto Botanico Friulano is located in Udine, near the Istituto Tecnico per Geometri. The garden was established in 1951 and contains collections of irises, local flora, Eircacae, succulents, ferns, arid and desert plants, tropical trees, and Planatus orientalis. The herbarium is housed within the Museum Friulano di Storia Natural, that contains about 100.000 specimens.
Parco Botanico Friulano Cormor is a municipal park and botanical garden located in Udine. The park was created in 1990-1993 by architect Roberto Pirzio Biroli on a neglected site northwest of the town centre. It covers 30 hectares between the Cormor torrent and the autostrada Alpe-Adria, with dense plantings of woodland, open lawns, a belvedere, paths and small roads, as well as a children's play area.